Biology

Reverse Osmosis and its Applications

Reverse Osmosis and its Applications

Reverse Osmosis is how you can get small particles out of the water, even in solution, by forcing it through a filter (a membrane). It is one of the processes that makes desalination (or removing salt from seawater) possible. The particles in the water are left on the other side of the sheet, whi.....

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Biomass in Ecology

Biomass in Ecology

Biomass is a basic term in ecology, and in the energy production industry. In ecology, it refers to the cumulation of living matter. Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal dung and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas. That is, it is the total liv.....

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Osmosis

Osmosis

Osmosis is the movement of water or other solvents through a plasma membrane from a region of low solute concentration to a region of high solute concentration, tending to equalize the concentrations of the solutes. It is the spontaneous passage or diffusion of water or other solvents through a s.....

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Tissues

Tissues

Tissues form part of an organ in plants or animals. They are groups of cells that have a similar structure and act together to perform a specific function. They are groups of cells that work together to do a job in the body. The term tissue is used to describe a group of cells found together in.....

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Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic digestion is the way microorganisms break down organic matter without oxygen. It is a well-established technology for stabilization and conversion of various organic wastes into bioenergy. This process can happen naturally, but it is called anaerobic digestion only if it is supported an.....

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Nucleotides

Nucleotides

Nucleotides are chemical compounds, the building blocks of the nucleic acids RNA and DNA. It is a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. It contains a pentose sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base (adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, or uracil). It is the ba.....

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Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NADP)

Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NADP)

NADP (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) (formula C21H29N7O17P3) is a coenzyme that carries electrical energy used in cellular processes. It is a required cofactor for CYP-mediated biotransformation, and oxygen serves as a substrate. When a hydrogen atom is added, NADP becomes charged .....

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Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates. They are also the foundation for more complex carbohydrates, or they serve as components to amino acids. They consist of one sugar and are usually colorless, water-soluble, crystalline solids. Some monosaccharides have a sweet taste. So, the.....

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Allele Frequency

Allele Frequency

Allele frequency refers to the different forms of a gene at a single position on a chromosome. It refers to how frequently a particular allele appears in a population. It is the proportion of a given allele to all alleles at the same locus. It refers to how common an allele is in a population. [&.....

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What is Gene Therapy?

What is Gene Therapy?

Gene therapy means putting in a working gene to a person who has a damaged gene. It is an experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. The European Commission has approved this method for one particular treatment. The treatment by the product Glybera uses a virus to infect.....

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What is Genetics?

What is Genetics?

Genetics Genetics is a discipline of biology. It is the study of heredity in general and of genes in particular. It is the science of heredity. This includes the study of genes and the inheritance of variation and traits of living organisms. Genetics arose out of the identification of genes, the .....

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Genes

Genes

A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are forms of DNA. DNA is a collection of chemical information that carries the instructions for making the proteins a cell will need. DNA contains the biological instructions that make each species unique. They give instructions.....

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