Science

Oxidation

Oxidation

Oxidation is any chemical reaction that involves the moving of electrons. It is the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. Specifically, it means the substance that gives away electrons is oxidized. It occurs when an atom, molecule, or ion loses one or more electrons in a chemical reac.....

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Euclase

Euclase

Definition – Euclase is a beryllium aluminium hydroxide silicate mineral (BeAlSiO4(OH)), that crystallizes in the monoclinic system and is typically massive to fibrous as well as in slender prismatic crystals. It is related to beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) and other beryllium minerals. It is a product o.....

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Reverse Osmosis and its Applications

Reverse Osmosis and its Applications

Reverse Osmosis is how you can get small particles out of the water, even in solution, by forcing it through a filter (a membrane). It is one of the processes that makes desalination (or removing salt from seawater) possible. The particles in the water are left on the other side of the sheet, whi.....

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Marcasite: Properties and Occurrences

Marcasite: Properties and Occurrences

The mineral marcasite sometimes called “white iron pyrite”, is iron sulfide (FeS2) with an orthorhombic crystal structure. It is a yellow to silvery-yellow iron sulfide mineral. It forms by precipitation from acidic waters in surface or near-surface environments. It is a polymorph of pyrite. .....

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Anhydrite

Anhydrite

Definition – Anhydrite, or anhydrous calcium sulfate, is an evaporite mineral with the chemical formula CaSO4, that occurs in extensive layered deposits in sedimentary basins where large volumes of seawater have been evaporated. It is in the orthorhombic crystal system, with three directions of.....

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Biomass in Ecology

Biomass in Ecology

Biomass is a basic term in ecology, and in the energy production industry. In ecology, it refers to the cumulation of living matter. Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal dung and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas. That is, it is the total liv.....

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Osmosis

Osmosis

Osmosis is the movement of water or other solvents through a plasma membrane from a region of low solute concentration to a region of high solute concentration, tending to equalize the concentrations of the solutes. It is the spontaneous passage or diffusion of water or other solvents through a s.....

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Scapolite

Scapolite

Definition – Scapolite (Gr. σκάπος, rod, and λίθος, stone) any of a group of feldspathoid minerals found in calcium-rich metamorphic rocks, particularly marble, gneiss, granulite, greenschist, and skarns. It is a name used for a group of aluminosilicate minerals that includes meionit.....

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Tissues

Tissues

Tissues form part of an organ in plants or animals. They are groups of cells that have a similar structure and act together to perform a specific function. They are groups of cells that work together to do a job in the body. The term tissue is used to describe a group of cells found together in.....

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Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic digestion is the way microorganisms break down organic matter without oxygen. It is a well-established technology for stabilization and conversion of various organic wastes into bioenergy. This process can happen naturally, but it is called anaerobic digestion only if it is supported an.....

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Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz

Definition – Rose Quartz, translucent, usually turbid, very coarse-grained variety of the silica mineral quartz found in pegmatites. It is the name used for pink specimens of the mineral quartz. It is abundant, common, and found in large quantities at numerous locations around the world. The pi.....

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Organic Matter

Organic Matter

Organic matter is a matter that has come from a recently living organism. Organic materials are composed solely of organic compounds. They are any type of materials that are found in nature or are made out of items that are found in nature. It is capable of decay, or is the product of decay, or [.....

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